Sub-theme 4 - Sustaining the water ecosystems of the Nile Basin

Key topics: the state of the Nile Basin water dependent ecosystems – values and threats they face; environmental flows assessment – practices, success stories and challenges; economic valuation of ecosystem services – case studies from the Nile Basin and beyond; managing transboundary wetlands; cross-border approaches for sustainably managing water dependent ecosystems of the Nile Basin; land degradation and its impacts on livelihood; watershed management – success stories, challenges and way forward;